At a height of 1,000 to 1,500 metres, vegetation is characterised by groves of Corsican Pine (Pinus Laricio), Silver Birch (Betula Aetnensis), Beech (Fagus Selvatica) and Poplar (Populus Tremula). The same climatic zone of oak trees includes widespread Chestnut groves (Castanea Sativa).
The underground commonly hosts: Bracken Fern (Pteridium Acquilinum), Leopard’s Bame (Doronicum Orientale), Wild Basil (Clinopodium Vulgare), Daphne (Daphne Laureola), Germander (Theucrium Camedris), etc.

Mountainous mediterranean plain sicily Etna